Cricket is one of the most followed games in this era with the essential elements being Batting , Bowling and Fielding. . The game has witnessed some of the fastest bowlers putting on a lot of effort in generating immense stats in cricket ball speed but have you ever wondered how the speed of the ball is measured?? Here is the answer to how the cricket ball speed is measured.
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There are two methods by which bowling speed is measured in cricket.
Cricket ball speed using Hawk Eye!
Dr. Paul Hawkins developed Hawk Eye Technology in the year 2001 for originally tracking the missile and brain surgery. It is a computer system that is used in various sports such as cricket , football , tennis and few other sports. It is an accurate phenomenon within the range of 5 millimeters. this thing is considered as a tool to have a second opinion in cricket.
Most importantly it is used to measure the cricket ball speed as soon as the bowler bowls the delivery. In this technology, around six cameras are used. The data obtained helps us to track the path of the ball from the time the ball is released from the bowler’s hand until the time the bowl goes dead on the pitch.
The information is then presented using 3-Dimensional images assisting which the viewer easily understands the direction and angle at which the ball left the bowlers hand and headed towards the stumps. This technology also helps in deciding the Leg Before Wicket(LBW) decision as it allows the 3rd umpire to see whether the ball was actually in line of the stumps when it hit the pads of the batsman.
The Merits of Hawk Eye Technology are:
- Accurate speed of the ball is measured.
- Direction and swing of the ball can also be measured using Hawk Eye Technology
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Cricket ball speed using Radar Gun!
The name seems cheesy, isn’t it? Anyways….
The measuring of cricket ball speed is very much similar to the measurement of speed of a car. The Radar Gun consists of a receiver and a transmitter which sends a radio wave that is reflected by any object that is in the path.
In this case Cricket Ball is the object. The Radar Gun receives the echo and by the principle of DOPPLER SHIFT, the speed of the ball is calculated.
The Merits of Radar Gun are:
- Exact cricket ball speed is measured because of the wave received.
- It is an instantaneous technology and records the speed of the ball as soon as the bowler bowls the delivery, this is the reason due to which the speed of the ball is displayed on the screen instantly.
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CRITICISM OVER THE TECHNOLOGIES
Criticism in every field is common in today’s world and the technology methods to measure the cricket ball speed has received criticism that have cast doubts on the achievements of some of the top bowlers in the world. In the year 2002, Pakistan Cricket Team’s bowler Shoaib Akhter was reported to cross the 100 mph (161.3 kph) mark in a match against New Zealand Cricket Team.
Many commentators expressed their doubts on Radar Guns for measuring the accurate speed of the ball. There have been few cases of experts expressing doubts on these technologies but the tech methods are still used to measure the cricket ball speed as there is no better technology for measuring the speed and it is certainly impossible to measure the speed of the ball manually.